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Royal Chitwan wild life & Jungle safari
This is the first national park of Nepal established in 1973 to preserve a unique ecosystem significantly valuable to the whole world. The park covering a pristine area of 932 sq. km is situated in the subtropical inner Terai lowlands of southern central part of Nepal. The park has gained much wider recognition in the world when UNESCO included this area on the list of World Heritage Site in 1984.
Formerly, the Chitwan valley was well known for big game and was exclusively managed as a hunting reserve for the Rana Prime Ministers and their guests until 1950. In 1963, the area south of Rapti was demarcated as a rhinoceros sanctuary. In 1970, His late Majesty King Mahendra had approved in principle the creation of Royal Chitwan National Park.
The park consists of churia hills, ox-bow lakes, flood plains of Rapti, Reu and Narayani rivers. The Churia hill rises gradually towards the east from 150 m to over 800 m. The lower but most rugged Someshwor hills occupy most of the western portion of the park. The flood plains of Chitwan are rich alluvial. The park boundaries have been delineated by the Narayani and Rapti rivers in the north and west, and the Reu river and Someshwor hills in the south and south-west. It shares its eastern border with Parsa Wildlife Reserve.
The Chitwan valley is characterized by tropical to subtropical forest. 70% of park vegetation is predominantly Sal ( Shorea robusta ) forest, a moist deciduous climax vegetation type of the Terai region. The remaining vegetation types include grassland (20%), riverine forest (7%) and Sal with Chirpine ( Pinus roxburghii ) (3%), the latter occurring at the top of the Churia range. The riverine forests mainly consists of khair, sissoo and simal. The simal is with spiny bark when young and develops buttress at the bottom in older stage. The grasslands form a diverse and complex community with over 50 species. The Sacchrum species, often called elephant-grass can reach 8 m in height. The shorter grasses such as Imperata is useful for thatch roofs.
There are more than 43 species of mammals in the park. The park is specially renowned for the protection of the endangered one-horned rhinoceros, tiger, gharial crocodile along with many other common species of wild animals. The estimated population of endangered species of animals such as gaur, wild elephant, four horned antelope, striped hyena, pangolin, gangetic dolphin, monitor lizard and python, etc.
Some of the other animals found in the park are samber, chital, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, common leopard, ratel, palm civet, wild dog, langur, rhesus monkey, etc.
There are over 450 species of birds in the park. Among the endangered birds found in the park are Bengal florican, giant hornbill, lesser florican, black stork and white stork, Few of the common birds seen are peafowl, red jungle fowl, and different species of egrets, herons, kingfishers, flycatchers and woodpeckers. The best time for bird watching is March and December.
It has a particularly rich flora and fauna. The variety of animals found in Chitwan Jungle still includes the endangered Royal Bengal Tigers, one horned-rhinoceros, four-horned antelope, striped hyena, bison, Gangetic dolphin, gharial crocodile, reptiles, rhesus monkeys, and sloth bears. There are over four hundred different species of birds including marsh mugger peckers and others that make their home here. Highlights of the Chitwan Jungle Park are elephant rides to see the elusive Royal Bengal Tigers, one-horned rhinos and other animals; dugout canoe trips to see Gangetic dolphins, gharial crocodiles and the scenery; bird watching; a tour of the Tharu village to explore their culture and to see how they live. The Tharus also come to the resorts to present their traditional song and stick dance performance, and lastly play and bath with elephants in the Narayani River.
Visitors will be taken to the heart of the jungle on elephant back or four-wheel drive to view wild animals in their natural habitat. The activity of Nepal Jungle Safari includes canoeing, nature walks, bird watching, excursions, and visit to an ethnic Tharu village in the Jungle Safari Park.
More than 45 species of amphibians and reptiles occur in the park and some of which are marsh mugger crocodile, cobra, green pit viper and various species of frogs and tortoises.
The park is actively engaged in the scientific studies of several species of wild flora and fauna.
At the foot of the Himalayas, Chitwan is one of the few remaining undisturbed vestiges of the 'Terai' region, which formerly extended over the foothills of India and Nepal.
Getting there -----------
By air -There are two daily flights from Kathmandu to Bharatpur airfield, the nearest to flight to the jungle reserve, and from Bharatpur guests are transported by Land Rover to the resort.
By Land- Tourist business regularly frequent to and from chitwan to Kathmandu and pokhara. We can book your ticket on prior notice .The journey is generally 4-5 hours from Kathmandu .The roads are hassle free and make for a smooth travel.
What to bring?
Binoculars, Flashlight, A jacket or sweater from November through February. Lightest clothing with sunglasses and hats from April onwards. Pants should be worn during elephant rides. Bright colors such as red and white should be avoided since those colors have been known to upset the rhinos. Comfortable walking shoes are essential. Please carry only the bare necessities but not jewelers and valuable items. During the warmer months swimming suits are recommended
Itinerary 1: 2 Night/3 days package and 3 Night/4 days.
Day 01 : On your arrival at airport the staff will pick you up. You will then be transferred to resort. On reaching resort, our Guest Relations Officer will brief guests. Afternoon where you will learn more about the area.
8.00 p.m.- Dinner
Day 02 : 6.00 am - Wake Up Call followed by tea/coffee.
7:00 am - full day Bird Watching
1.00 p.m. - Lunch
3.00 p.m. - Jungle walk. An excellent opportunity to see the wild animals,
8.00 p.m. - Dinner
Day 03: 6.00 am - Wake Up Call followed by tea/coffee.
7.30 am - Breakfast. Jungle activities
12.00 p.m. - Lunch.
1.00 p.m. - Departure for onward journey.
Itinerary 2:for 3 Nights/4Days
Day 01: On Your arrival at Airport from Biratnagar our staff will receive you. or by rafting down for 8-10 days. You will then be transferred to resort. On reaching resort, our Guest Relations Officer will brief guests. Afternoon where you will learn more about the area.
8.00 p.m.- Dinner
Day 02: 5.30 am - Wake Up Call followed by tea/coffee.
7.00 am - Bird Watching
7.00 am - Breakfast then Jungle activities
1.00 p.m. - Lunch
3.00 p.m. - Jungle walk.
8.00 p.m. - Dinner
Day 03 : 5.30 am - Wake Up Call followed by tea/coffee, after breakfast jungle activities
12.00 p.m. - Lunch. After having lunch relaxing.
7.00 p.m. - Tharu cultural dance.
8.00 p.m - Dinner.
Day 04 : 6.00 am - Wake Up Call followed by tea/coffee.
7.30 am - Breakfast
8.30 am - Jeep driving into the jungle.
12.00 am - Lunch.
1.00 am - Departure for your onward journey.
• Airport Transfer
• All Transportation
• All accommodation in the Reserve including all program activities, Elephant Safari, Jungle walk, Local village Sightseeing, accommodation at Camp resort, 3-meals per day and all park entry permits.
• Meals (lunch and dinner) while in Kathmandu
• Kathmandu airport departure tax
• Personal expenses such as laundry, telephone calls, alcoholic beverages, bottled drinks (including cold drinks and mineral water), tips.
• Travel / medical insurance and emergency evacuation cost
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